The Bob Veal Calf Concern
Jerry Bertoldo, Dairy
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops
March 1, 2013
Bull calves in the dairy business are most often a topic that producers would rather not think about. The financial returns from selling them are usually low. There are unavoidable labor costs in their care. The sooner they leave the farm the better is the usual mantra. Too many of these critters become bob veal - early slaughtered calves with minimal economic value. Farmers are reluctant to put more time and effort into insuring a strong and healthy calf that has a good chance of entering a veal raising operation. This means holding on to these calves for some extra days risking the chance of scours or worse yet death. Veal managers do not want light, less vigorous and very young bull calves for fear of high loss rates as well. Experience tells them that larger and more active calves will do better and result in lower mortality rates and better feed conversion.
There has been another issue creeping onto the scene, that of antibiotic residues in bob veal. Few people are bold enough to think that treating a young calf directly with injectable antibiotics will not result in detectable tissue levels if that animal enters the food chain within a few days. The problem is generally not from injectable products, but from oral scour medications, medicated milk replacers and more rarely colostrum containing antibiotics. Neomycin has been the most common culprit.
Neomycin and tetracycline have both been included in some scour medications and milk replacers for many years. Labeling of these scour treatments can be misleading as to withdrawal times. Medicated milk replacers do not contain treatment levels of these antibiotics, but are formulated for use in heifer calves not calves destined for bob veal. Colostrum from cows treated with oil based dry treatments is most likely to carry residues of significance to the newborn calf. Dry treating less than the labeled days pre-calving, double tubing or treating a slack quarter can result in higher than expected first milking antibiotic levels.
Holding out milk on fresh cows according to the labeled recommendations on dry treatment and not feeding it to bull calves is an extra measure of safety. The vast majority of colostrum will not cause an issue, however. Feeding heifer colostrum to bull calves is a failsafe way of preventing colostrum based problems provided that the practice of dry treating springers is not in place.
Quality Forage Production
June 2, 2015This is a 5 session module. For a list of dates/sites/cost please go to CCE-Wyoming County
6:30 p.m. - 9:00 p.m.
There will be 2 DEC credits
Preparing Cattle for Market to Optimize Value
June 9, 2015In NYS many of our feeder calves go directly to auction with producers having little control over prices received. Working together producers, stockers and auction barns can improve prices for cattle in our state. Creating a consistent, quality stream of animals is a key factor to success of this statewide project. Cooperatively we can improve profitability and grow the beef industry.
6:00 - til dusk
Mikelholm Holsteins Pasture Walk
June 26, 2015Cornell Cooperative Extension's NWNY Team is planning a pasture walk at the farm of John and Sue Mikel. John and Sue own and operate Mikelholm Holsteins, a small grazing dairy they started on a 30-acre field they purchased seven years ago. They built a house and barn with a parlor. They graze their 35 cows plus youngstock on the remaining land and supplement with purchased feed. They also knew grazing would provide health benefits to the cows and reduce demands on labor. An added benefit was the reduced bedding costs while the cows are out on pasture.
11:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m.
Deadlines Reminder...The new Farm Bill contains a number of important changes to USDA programs that will impact our farmers. They are outlined below:
Conservation Compliance: In order to receive crop insurance subsidies for 2016 a producer must certify compliance with FSA by June 1, 2015. The registration period for 2016 coverage for the Dairy Margin Protection Program (MPP) is from July 1 to September 30, 2015. Nearly 70% of Vermont's dairy farms now have some form of price protection, either through MPP or Dairy Livestock Gross Margin (LGM) insurance.
Crop CamBe sure to check out Crop Cam for videos made by our Extension agronomists describing crop management practices, identifying pests, and conducting on-farm research across northwestern NY.
2015 Cornell Field Crop Guidelines AvailableThe 2015 edition of the Cornell Integrated Field Crop Management Guidelines is available! New for 2015 are three different product options for the Cornell Guidelines. Users can obtain a print copy, online-only access or a package that combines print and online access. The print edition of the 2015 Field Crops Guide is $26 plus shipping. Online-only access is $26. A combination of print and online access costs $36.50 plus shipping costs for the printed book.
Cornell Guidelines can be obtained through your local Cornell Cooperative Extension office or from the Cornell Store at Cornell University. To order from the Cornell Store, call (800) 624-4080 or order online at: Cornell Store